Thursday, March 20, 2008

Today's Etymology


Function: noun

Etymology: Italian, literally, goddess, from Latin, feminine of divus divine, god — more at deity
Date: 1883

1 a: prima donna : a usually glamorous and successful female performer or personality (a fashion diva); especially : a popular female singer


Deva (Hinduism)

Deva (देव in Devanagari script, pronounced [ˈd̪eʋə]) is the Sanskrit word for "god, deity". It can be variously interpreted as a spirit, god, celestial being, angel, deity or any supernatural being of high excellence. In Hindu mythology, the devas are opposed to the demonic Asuras.

The word is from PIE [Proto-Indo-European] *deiwos, originally an adjective meaning "celestial" or "shining"... ...Related but distinct is the PIE proper name *Dyeus which while from the same root, may originally have referred to the sky, and hence to "Father Sky", the chief god of the Indo-European pantheon, continued in Sanskrit Dyaus.

The English words "divine", "deity", Latin "deus" and French "dieu" (both meaning "god"), are cognates of deva.


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